Ángeles García-Madrid

Ángeles García-Madrid (1918 – present)

 

Born in Torrejón de Ardoz, just outside Madrid, Ángeles grew up in the city. At the age of 13 she began working as a dressmaker to bring in money for the family, during which she became interested in poetry after a client showed her an original poem.

 

Aged 16, in 1934 during the revolution in Asturias, Ángeles became involved in the Socialist Party. During the Civil War she worked in a factory making army uniforms and later volunteered working on the railways.

Ángeles and fellow railway volunteers. 1938. Photo from http://presodelescorts.org/es/testimonis/ángeles-ortega-garc%C3%AD-madrid

Ángeles and fellow railway volunteers. 1938. Photo from http://presodelescorts.org/es/testimonis/ángeles-ortega-garc%C3%AD-madrid

In May 1939, after the war she was detained on the word of one of her neighbours who denounced her to the Civil Guard. She was incarcerated in Ventas prison following 20 days in a detention centre. During her time in Ventas Prison she was with the ‘Trece Rosas’ [Thirteen Roses].

 

After 1 year of imprisonment she was put on trial and sentenced to 12 years for inciting military rebellion and moved to Tarragona prison and later to Les Corts, in Barcelona.

She was given conditional release in February 1942 and returned to Madrid, where she faced problems on account of her status as a political prisoner. During this period she spent 13 years on parole and had to present herself to the police every other week and endure frequent searches at home.

She opened a tailors in order to make her living and started a family. A self-taught writer and lover of literature, she also wrote poetry, which could only be published after the death of Franco in 1975.

Ángeles by artist Javi Larrauri as part of his collection on female activists. From http://www.javilarrauri.com/republica/angeles_garcia_madrid.html

Ángeles by artist Javi Larrauri as part of his collection on female activists. From http://www.javilarrauri.com/republica/angeles_garcia_madrid.html

Since the transition to democracy (1978-1982) she has been readily involved in the Association of Ex-Prisoners and has won numerous prizes. She has published five collections of poetry and a testimonial novel.

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Information compiled from:

http://presodelescorts.org/sites/default/files/Biograf%C3%ADadeÁngelescastella.pdf

http://www.javilarrauri.com/republica/angeles_garcia_madrid.html

http://www.cronicapopular.es/2013/04/angeles-garcia-madrid-resistente-poeta-95-anos-de-lucha-por-la-libertad/

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