“All of Spain was a prison”: Female prisons under Franco

During the Civil War (1936-1939) and the Francoist dictatorship (1939-1975), prisons across Spain housed thousands of women for (suspected) political dissent. Franco’s prisons were typically single-sex institutions. Although some were equipped with facilities such as individual cells, bathrooms and showers, and even, in the case of Ventas, a library, these facilities were infrequently usable. Rather,…